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Western Ghats

Western Ghats

Western Ghats (also known as Sahyadri) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hot-spots" of biological diversity in the world. It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. A total of thirty nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.

The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the Tapti river, and runs approximately 1,600 km (990 mi) through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India. These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverinedrainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau. The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).

The area is one of the world's ten "Hottestbiodiversity hotspots" and has over 7,402 species of flowering plants, 1,814 species of non-flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6,000 insects species and 290 freshwater fish species; it is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.

Agumbe is known as Chirapunji of South India as this place is next to Chirapunji in receiving a very high rainfall. So, you can just imagine the beauty of this place, rain forests covered hills, waterfalls, ghats, exotic plants, flaura, and fauna. Agumbe is situated at 2,710 feet above sea level in Karnataka. Agumbe should be a must visit place for nature lovers. It is a haven for rare plants, reptiles, and animals. Many new species have been discovered here and they are named after this place. For example, Selenopsagumbensis (spider), Tarennagaumbensis (a shrub), and so on.

King Cobra, Lion-tailed macaque, Cane Turtle, Tiger, Dhole, Hornbills, Sambhar, Atlas moth, Flying lizard, Leopard, and Indian Gaur are some of the fauna found in this region. Many birds have made this place their home.

Place Statistics:
Type of place: Rain forests, Western Ghats
Situated in between Thirthalli Town ( Shimoga District) Koppa Town (Chickmagalur Dist) NH 13 Karnataka
Distance: Bangalore: 350 km; Shimoga: 70 km; Udupi: 97 km; Mangalore International Airport: 138 km; Sringeri: 50 km; Thirthahalli: 10 km
Transport: Well connected by road
Facilities: Experience Malnad hospitality in the Devangihouse of Smt. PranithaManudev (Ph: 08181-274135/235)

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